For purposes with this analysis that is content intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse

For purposes with this analysis that is content intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sexual intercourse

Not absolutely all product which was taped was coded. As our focus ended up being on scripted development, we excluded news that is daily, game shows, sports programs and occasions, and paid programming, along with all kinds of commercials as well as other promotions ( ag e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, these were coded and analyzed individually because of the unique traits and are also perhaps perhaps maybe not reported right here. The analyses delivered in this paper, nevertheless, do are the video that is nonmusic from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and reality shows. In addition, reveals that were incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats were eradicated through the test.

The big tit tranny last test for the 2001 2002 period contained 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test when it comes to 2nd content analysis had been significantly bigger than 1st 12 months’s test that we had three episodes of each nonsyndicated series as we made a concerted effort in year 2 to ensure. Despite strict adherence into the sampling plan, extra taping had been needed whenever, for instance, brand new programs entered the autumn lineup following the start of the year to substitute for cancelled programs or when the time and time slot for a set had been changed.


The codebook for the bigger research ended up being based considerably from the factors produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra things, including those on exact same intercourse intimate behavior and sexual talk associated with nonheterosexuals. As opposed to Kunkel and colleagues, whom utilized the scene given that unit that is primary of, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 minute periods of system time. Because scenes differ dramatically in total and, hence, try not to offer a consistent device of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a typical coding product predicated on time. Coding news development in designated time periods has been utilized usually by other scientists conducting analyses that are content various system genres including films, soap operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).

For purposes of the content analysis, intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sex, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual messages about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications regarding love and relationships, that have been perhaps not coded. For instance, a statement such as “I love my boyfriend” wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as “I made like to my boyfriend” could be coded.

Exact exact Same intercourse sexual behavior

Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing a minumum of one form of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual intercourse depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been evaluated when it comes to existence of exact exact same sex behavior that is sexual. Because of this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted within the period took place between two different people regarding the sex that is same.

Speak about nonheterosexual intimate problems

Each 2 minute interval that was indeed coded as containing a minumum of one example of talk through the intimate talk groups found in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., responses about own/others’ intimate actions or interests, speak about intercourse who has currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) had been additionally coded for whether some of the sexual talk pertaining to nonheterosexuals. With this product, programmers once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate passions or concerns of nonheterosexual individuals. Frequently, such remarks associated with gays and lesbians, although sometimes these were connected with bisexuals.